By Bernard L. Madison, Therese A. Hart
Describes the situations and concerns based on humans within the mathematical sciences, largely scholars and academics at US schools and universities. the following, traits within the mathematical sciences' most precious source - its humans - are provided narratively, graphically, and numerically as a data base for policymakers.
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Additional resources for A challenge of numbers : people in the mathematical sciences
Students enter college with widely varying levels of mathematical preparation: some are not competent in computation at a sixth grade level, and others have taken calculus in high school. Initial placement in college mathematics is complicated by this imbalance in the preparation of students and the several possible entry points for beginning students. Students begin mathematics in colleges with courses ranging from arithmetic to courses that assume mastery of calculus. It is not difficult to describe a dozen or so possible first courses within this range, and many institutions have as many as a half-dozen entry courses.
When specific courses axe identified, the most frequently required courses are English (the usual requirement being four years), mathematics (two years is the average requirement) and the physical sciences (one year). The transition from high school to college mathematics is especially troublesome for many students and institutions. Students enter college with widely varying levels of mathematical preparation: some are not competent in computation at a sixth grade level, and others have taken calculus in high school.
Internationally coauthored papers, as a percent of all mathematics papers with authors from more than one institution, increased from 34% in 1973 to 48% in 1984 (NSB, 1987). S. S. S. students at the high school level do not. S. students well below those in countries that are now major economic competitors of the United States. S. 2 ACT mathematics scores, 1973 to 1988. Source: American College Testing Program (ACT, 1989). About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.
A challenge of numbers : people in the mathematical sciences by Bernard L. Madison, Therese A. Hart