By Liesbet Heyvaert
The most target of the e-book is to give a scientific account of the constructional mechanisms that underlie deverbal nominalization. Such an account strongly demands a sensible instead of merely structural process simply because nominalizations are primarily practical re-classifications of verbal predicates into nominal structures. The argument is fortyfied by way of an in depth dialogue of a few nominalization structures (i.e. deverbal -er nominalizations, gerundive nominals and that-nominalizations). This e-book is of curiosity to all researchers in cognitive and sensible linguistics.
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Extra resources for A Cognitive-Functional Approach to Nominalization in English
Syntax is thought of as the "domain of generality and regularity, of productive rules with fully predictable outputs", and the lexicon is viewed as "the domain of irregularity, idiosyncrasy, and lists" (Langacker 1987a: 26). The distinction between lexicon and syntax has, for instance, been argued to underlie the differences between nominalizations such as John's refusing the offer and John's refusal of the offer (Chomsky 1970: 187): the latter, so-called 'derived' type of nominal has been argued to form part of the lexicon, mainly because the semantic relation which it has with the verb from which it is derived tends to be idiosyncratic.
To fully appreciate Halliday's multifunctional view on linguistic units, three aspects of it have to be further looked into, viz. the so-called metafunctional origin of the functions which it involves, its conflgurational nature, and, thirdly, the significance that is attributed to the paradigmatic or systemic choices that lie behind each metafunctional configuration. The paradigmatic or systemic aspect of constructions will constitute the focus of Section 5. The metafunctional and conflgurational nature of Halliday's multifunctional approach to linguistic organization will be elaborated now.
The horse galloped. Ill The soldiers marched. Ill The dog walked. It is only because the clauses He heard it and He felt it, which are enates of He saw it display a relation of agnation with It was heard by him and It was felt by him, which are enates of It was seen by him, that the relationship between He saw it and It was seen by him in (5) can be analyzed as being one of agnation. Likewise, relations cannot be identified as enate if they do not have identical sets of agnates. Constructions such as The man saw a stranger and The man seemed a stranger, for instance, are not enate because they belong to different agnation networks: A stranger was seen by the man is possible, while A stranger was seemed by the man is not.
A Cognitive-Functional Approach to Nominalization in English by Liesbet Heyvaert