New PDF release: A generative grammar of Kannada

By A K Ramanujan

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Continental islands are those islands once connected to a continent but later separated either by rising sea levels that flooded former land bridges 16 never such innocence again or by moving continental plates. Oceanic islands, by contrast, are those islands that were never connected to a continent; they arose from the sea floor, initially bereft of life, as growing volcanoes or coral reefs. Linguists, too, have come to divide islands into subtypes. Perhaps the most well-known distinction is that between strong and weak islands, the subject of an extensive overview by Szabolcsi (2006) (for a condensed version, see Szabolcsi and den Dikken 2002).

In closing, I would like to stress a point made in the very first line of the very first page of Rizzi (1990), and stressed again by Szabolcsi in her (2006) review of the literature on weak vs. strong islands: Relativized Minimality is only intended to be “a partial characterization of the locality conditions” holding in syntax. While proponents of theories of (strong) islands have often tried to extend their approach to weak islands (witness Chomsky 1986 and Lasnik and Saito 1984, to cite but two of the most prominent locality analyses in the Government-andBinding [GB] era, to which I will return later on in this book), proponents of theories of weak islands typically do not try to extend their accounts to strong islands, thereby acknowledging that the locality landscape in syntax is not uniform.

B. c. d. A person who Robin went to Washington [in order for her daughter to work with __] (2) a. b. c. d. e. *Who does [baking ginger cookies for __] give her great pleasure? Who does [baking ginger cookies for __] seem useless? A person who [Robin’s vicious attack on __] didn’t surprise me (3) a. *The campaign that [someone who could actually spearhead __] was finally thought of b. That’s the campaign that I finally thought of [someone to spearhead __] (4) a. *She is a person who [whether or not the President should talk to __] is unclear b.

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A generative grammar of Kannada by A K Ramanujan


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