By Hagen Schulz-Forberg
Individuals to this quantity discover the altering thoughts of the social and the industrial in the course of a interval of basic swap throughout Asia. They problem permitted causes of ways Western wisdom unfold via Asia and express how flexible Asian intellectuals have been in introducing ecu recommendations and in mixing them with neighborhood traditions.
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Additional resources for A Global Conceptual History of Asia, 1860-1940
14 But gradually, and increasingly after 1905, the word gyeongje came to displace ijae. It was the same change which had emerged in Japan and China in terms of conceptualizing the modern transformation by the same word gyeongje in Korea, jingshi in China, and keiji in Japan. The Western concept of society was introduced with the theory of social contract in Japan by the Meiji enlightened intellectuals during the late nineteenth century. After struggling with several words, the word shakai won as a translation of Japanese society.
They provide legitimacy for agency, and established meanings will continuously be challenged and subverted at some point in time – and this general condition of what can be done with concepts when they are activated implies that even within one linguistic sphere they neither converge nor diverge, their meanings change continuously. The appropriation of concepts from foreign languages and their role as a new element within the space of semantic contestation is all the more interesting and allows for a history of concepts that is able to integrate textual analysis on the one hand and the contextual settings of texts, actors and their agendas, in which concepts are applied, on the other hand.
In 1896 the Japanese translation keiji-gaku was introduced in China, but Yen Fu, an important Chinese intellectual who had translated several Western books into Chinese (including Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations and Herbert Spencer’s The Study of Sociology), translated ‘economics’ using another word, jixue. Other words – licai, jingshi and shengji – were also used as alternative terms for economic affairs. Liang Qichao mentioned that the Chinese licai was identical in meaning to the Japanese keiji, but nevertheless he used the word jingshi until the year 1902.
A Global Conceptual History of Asia, 1860-1940 by Hagen Schulz-Forberg