By Witold Gombrowicz
Witold Gombrowicz (1904-1969), novelist, essayist, and playwright, used to be probably the most very important Polish writers of the 20th century. A candidate for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1968, he was once defined by means of Milan Kundera as “one of the good novelists of our century” and by means of John Updike as “one of the profoundest of the past due moderns.”
Gombrowicz’s works have been thought of scandalous and subversive via the ruling powers in Poland and have been banned for almost 40 years. He spent his final years in France educating philosophy; this publication is a chain of reflections in response to his lectures.
Gombrowicz discusses Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard, Sartre, and Heidegger in six “one-hour” essays and addresses Marxism in a shorter “fifteen-minute” piece. The text—a small literary gem packed with sardonic wit, fantastic insights, and provocative criticism—constructs the philosophical lineage of his work.
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Extra resources for A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes
Thus this is a law of development based on contradiction. According to Hegel, our mind is based on this contradiction because it is imperfect, because it knows reality only partially. Thus its judgments are imperfect. Hegel discovers this contradiction in the very foundation of the mind; for example, when we say all, we must accept the singular. When we imagine something black, we must also think of another colorbecause the very idea of color is an opposition between it and all the other colors.
Husserl’s method has been compared to the way to eat an artichoke, that is, that I observe a notion in my consciousness. Example: the color yellow. I try to reduce it to its purest state, like the artichoke, leaf after leaf. And when we finally reach the heart, we throw ourselves upon it and devour it. Phenomenology is a descent to the most profound notion, the lastnotion of a phenomenon, and when it is purified, we throw ourselves upon it and swallow it by direct intuition. I remind you that intuition is direct knowledge without reasoning.
The Kantian critique is a limitation of thought. Human thinking would consider itself capable of understanding everything. But since Kant, not to mention Descartes, thinking has undergone a reduction and this reduction is extremely important. , the same tendency to reduce thought. ” (Marx) and it finds the purest expression in the phenomenological method of Husserl, who is not at all interested in the noumena, but in phenomena. Critique of Practical Reason, Kant’s second great work. Today this work is outdated, although it has very authentic passages.
A Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes by Witold Gombrowicz