Download e-book for iPad: A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to by Aidan Doyle

By Aidan Doyle

ISBN-10: 0198724756

ISBN-13: 9780198724759

During this ebook, Aidan Doyle strains the background of the Irish language from the time of the Norman invasion on the finish of the twelfth century to independence in 1922, combining political, cultural, and linguistic historical past. The ebook is split into seven major chapters that target a selected interval within the heritage of the language; they every one start with a dialogue of the exterior background and place of the Irish language within the interval, prior to relocating directly to examine the $64000 inner alterations that happened at the moment. A heritage of the Irish Language makes on hand for the 1st time fabric that has formerly been inaccessible to scholars and students who can't learn Irish, and may be a important source not just for undergraduate scholars of the language, yet for all these drawn to Irish background and tradition.

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Additional resources for A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence

Sample text

In the same way modern Liam was originally Uilliam (English William), with the stress on the second syllable, which was lost in speech, even though it continued to be written long after that. We live in an era where many parents like to give new or exotic names to their children. A similar kind of craze seems to have affected Irish society after the Anglo-Norman invasion, with the Gaelic families eagerly embracing the new names. Even the conservative bards accepted them, incorporating them into the inflectional system for dealing with nouns and their various forms.

Thus, we find a large number of words associated with the new legal and administrative system introduced by the Anglo-Normans. Words like constábla ‘constable’ belong to this group. g. áirseoir ‘archer’. Many new items refer to domestic life and activities; an example would be sabhsa ‘sauce’. g. seiminéar ‘chimney’. Finally, there are new consumer goods like fínéagra ‘vinegar’. Here are some words which entered Irish at this time and which are still part of the language: () bagún ‘bacon’, buidéal ‘bottle’, captaoin ‘captain’, clóca ‘cloak’, clós ‘close, yard’, cófra ‘coffer, chest’, cóta ‘coat’, cúirt ‘court’, cupa ‘cup’, dínér ‘dinner’, gúna ‘gown’, méara ‘mayor’, ósta ‘inn’ (< oste), páipéar ‘paper’, paróiste ‘parish’, pláta ‘plate’, plúr ‘flour’, séipéal ‘chapel’, seomra ‘chamber’, siúcra ‘sugar’ ospidéal ‘hospital’, túr ‘tower’ Some new verbs entered the language as well at this time.

A word like croidhe would thus count as two syllables in verse, whereas its modern counterpart croí /kree/ has only one syllable. This is why modern editions of medieval poetry often retain the old spelling. 3 Classical Irish In the introduction, I adverted to the fact that nowadays, many languages exist in two forms. One is the standard dialect, used in writing and in the public domain. The other form consists of regional and social dialects, usually associated with a more informal, spoken domain.

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A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence by Aidan Doyle


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