By William Edward Maxwell
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Extra resources for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
There is no article in Malay, that is, there is no word which corresponds exactly with our definite article the, or indefinite article a, an. " When particular objects, the pronouns 1 it is desired to specify ini, this, itu, that, and yang, Klinkert, Eenige ophelderingen omtrent de Maleische Spreekwoorden en spreekwijzen. MANUAL OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE. 45 this which, or that which, are used. Si sometimes supplies the place of the definite article when a person is spoken of; as si-laki-laki, the man ; si-perampuan, the woman ; si-mati, the deceased ; sirbonghok, the cripple.
21 Perhaps the Malay word hartmau (Kw. rimong ; Bat. arimo, D. harimaung, panther), a tiger, may have been formed from Hari (Krishna or Vishnu) and mriga (an animal). , Krish7ia-mriga (the black 1 The terms in use for antelope), mahd-mriga (an elephant). not "horse" and "sheep" seem to indicate that those animals were first brought to Malay countries from India. KUda, horse (Kw. and S. kuda), is derived by Crawfurd from ghora Biri-biri (sheep) is (Hindi), by others from kudra (Tamul). ), a goat.
A goat. Certain fabulous birds and reptiles which belong to the domain of Hindu mythology have their places also in 2 Malay folk-lore j such as garuda, the eagle of Vishnu, and Jatdyu (Malay jintdyu), a fabulous vulture; name given by Malays never seen, a dragon, is to a fabulous bird also evidently of Sanskrit origin. , and supplies a long list a heard but T>. s naga). of trees, plants, and flowers which are known to the Malays by Sanskrit names. Some of these are closely connected with another group of words to be noticed presently, namely, those which belong to the department of religion.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell