By D. Armstrong
Clinical texts supply a strong technique of gaining access to modern perceptions of affliction and during them assumptions concerning the nature of the physique and identification. by way of mapping those perceptions, from their nineteenth-century concentrate on disease positioned in a organic physique via to their 'discovery' of the psycho-social sufferer of the overdue 20th century, a background of id, either actual and mental, is printed.
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Additional resources for A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge
Is it surprising that the concept of ‘attitude’ that 30 years later was to become a cornerstone of the expanding discipline of psychology should have been forged in these early explorations of body positioning? In the early years of the twentieth century, the focus was on the educational and training implications of posture, but later more explicit links with health were made. Taylor placed posture ﬁrst in his list of the ﬁve aspects of physical exercise that related to health (attention to posture, mobility exercises, muscle function, breathing exercises and skin friction – he suggested rubbing the skin with a goat hair glove).
Life was both the natural force contained within all living things and the corporal energy that grappled with death in uneasy equilibrium until it was ﬁnally overcome. It was not life being overwhelmed by an outside death but an inner death that called forth life to resist it. Corporal space, delineated by sanitary science and sub-divided by human anatomy, was imbued with a life force pulsating through its inner tissues and organs: Man had corporal life because he had pathological death lurking in the heart of his body.
Judicious siting of the cemetery, good depth of burial and the appropriate use of plants could aid the decomposition of the corpse: deep burial and the use of plants, closely placed in the cemetery. There is no plan which is more efﬁcacious for the absorption of the organic substances, and perhaps of the carbonic acid, than plants .. the object should be to get the most rapidly growing trees and shrubs. (Parkes 1873: 441) Even with these precautions, the corpse remained a hazardous object for many years and the process of decomposition was an uncertain one.
A New History of Identity: A Sociology of Medical Knowledge by D. Armstrong