By Shawn Loewen, Luke Plonsky
"A short and obtainable advent to the suggestions and methods utilized in utilized linguistics learn, in order to be illustrated utilizing real-life examples. The e-book covers either qualitative and quantitative examine layout, sampling methods, instrumentation and analyses present in utilized linguistics research"--
summary: "A short and obtainable creation to the techniques and strategies utilized in utilized linguistics examine, to be able to be illustrated utilizing real-life examples. The e-book covers either qualitative and quantitative study layout, sampling strategies, instrumentation and analyses present in utilized linguistics examine"
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Additional info for An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods
Contingency table A type of data display in which two categorical variables are compared. As such, a contingency table is a way of displaying descriptive data for frequency counts. The categories of each variable are displayed in the rows and columns, respectively, thereby forming cells for each combination of categories. The raw frequency of occurrence of the data within each category combination is then displayed in its corresponding cell. Continuous variable 33 Table 4 2 × 4 Contingency table: Language aptitude and target language Arabic French Spanish Japanese High 14 10 8 12 Low 5 10 19 5 Percentages of occurrence are also sometimes presented.
Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 13, 249–274. C Cluster analysis A procedure for identifying groups or clusters of cases based on a set of measured variables. Applied linguists often group participants based on one or more categorical, independent variables. There are times, however, when the researcher is interested in discovering underlying or yet-undetermined groupings and, perhaps, in creating or uncovering a new independent variable. Such a situation might arise, for example, when theory in a particular area is less developed.
In addition, language production can be oral or written. With both types of data, there are several ways in which the data can be analyzed. One is to look at the linguistic features that are present in the data. For example, researchers may wish to look at how accurately learners use the past tense when describing their weekend activities. Alternatively, researchers may wish to examine how conversational partners structure their turn-taking during a classroom discussion. Language production can also be analyzed for the semantic content that it contains.
An A-Z of applied linguistics research methods by Shawn Loewen, Luke Plonsky