By Ludwig Edelstein
A vintage learn of medication in antiquity, historical medication brings jointly a lot of Ludwig Edelstein's most crucial paintings on a subject matter that occupied him all through a individual occupation. integrated is his widely recognized translation of and observation at the Hippocratic Oath, in addition to his different writings at the oath which exhibit how strange it really is of Greek clinical suggestion. The booklet additionally explores the impact of empiricism and skepticism on Greek and Roman medication, the perform of anatomy and dietetics in antiquity, and the relation of historical drugs to historic philosophy.
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Extra info for Ancient Medicine: Selected Papers of Ludwig Edelstein
Tà. wv TÀij8os (p. 475 , 1 8- 1 9 [Diels- Kranz]) . A similar view is a scribed to Pythagoras himself by Apollonius, cf. l a mblichus, De Vila Pythagorica, 2 1 8 ; cf. a lso Rohde, op. cit. , p. 1 64. 1 owe this reference to Schu macher, op. , p. 5 6. 66 Cf. 5 8 e 3, p. µolll! v (from Aristotle) . This concept ca n be elaborated by comparing the definition of hea lth as harmony, the proper attu nement of the body, ibid . , p. 45 1 , 1 1 (early Peripatetic tradition ) , and by referring to Alcmaeo n 's definition of hea lth as tuovoµLa.
Hecker, Geschichte der Heilkunde, 1 , 1 822, p. 7 7 , claims tha t : " . . die Pythagorische Arzneikunst sich viel mit ãusseren M itteln b eschãftigte, von der kühnern Chirurgie aber ganz ent fernt blieb . " He does not give any proof for th is assertion. The more recent books on Pythagorean medicine do not discuss the problem at ali. f operative surgery) . Yet in antiquity popular opposition to "cutting and ca uteriza ti on" was strong indeed. Cf. g . , Plato, Gorgias, 456 b, and the parallels collected in S� llbaum 's commentary ad locum .
T"W11 ÉT! Tpou9011, .. -a. was 'ÍÍ 1<•<1Ta. ToliixEufJru . 66 Cf. above, p. 5, 1 2- 1 3 . Littré, op. cit. , IV, p. 63 1 , says: "Je m 'abstiend rai de tout mal et de toute i nj ustice" ; the sarne meaning is given by F. Adams, The Genuine Works of Hippocrates, l i , 1 88 6 , p. 279, and also by Jones, op. cit. , p. 9. But dpEe•11 is transitive ; it cannot possibly refer to the physician himself, cf. Daremberg, op. cit . , p. 8 , n . 6, with regard t o Littré's translation : " Le text s e refuse absolument à ce sens.
Ancient Medicine: Selected Papers of Ludwig Edelstein by Ludwig Edelstein